Histoires et identités dans la Caraïbe. Trajectoires plurielles.

Caribbean, region that innaugurated the European look to the New World, was for centuries one of the testing grounds of modern slavery as the end point of the Atlantic slave trade.
An insular space heterogeneity constantly reworked, both in terms of mixtures and crossbreeding of indigenous peoples or "imported" (African slaves and also Asian workers) than that of the economic, social, cultural, religious and linguistic societies. The Caribbean is still largely unknown french readers in social science and history.
The presence of three of the four overseas departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique) in this part of the world, unfortunately, paradoxically, contributed little to improve that knowledge. This anthology can fill in this gap itself alone, especially as it concerns only the historical approaches (although some authors tend anthropologists). Described by the editors of this collection of "ultimate colonial frontier of the West and the South," the Caribbean is by definition a space of "creolization".

This concerns first of all the nature of, or rather slave systems which are discovered by the multiplicity of stories and configurations. This diversity, beyond the differences and colonial island and cleanly servile, is explained by the play of human agency in history: traditions include "national - colonial" and "ethnic" identities of populations, which take as much to historical circumstances as social conjunctions.

This collection does not reflect the entire Caribbean historiography, whether produced by regional researchers or foreign researchers (not only North America but also in Latin America). But beyond classical themes (note the presence of two contributions of anthropologist Sidney Mintz), the theme of the manifesto genre new concerns like those that examine the forms of awareness regardless of the identity and servile only anti-Slavery claim.

Mamadou Diouf and Ulbe Bosma (orgs)

Histoire des Sud - Sephis/Karthala Editions, 2004